1- Hobbit – J. R. R. Tolkien
We start our list of the most read books with J. R. R. Tolkien’s book The Hobbit. The book, which has sold more than 100 million copies worldwide, is the starting book of the Lord of the Rings series. In the book, Bilbo Baggins’ life changed by the 13 dwarves who came to his house at an unexpected moment by Gandalf, the discovery of the One Ring that will change the destiny of Middle-earth, the death of the great dragon Smaug and the liberation of the ancient dwarf city of Erebor.
2-The Dream of he Red Chamber
The Dream of the Red Chamber, one of China’s Four Great Classical Novels, was written by Cao Xueqin during the Qing Dynasty in the 18th century. Dream of the Red Chamber, a semi-autobiographical novel, depicts the author’s own family and the rise and fall of the Qing dynasty. The novel, which is among the most popular books, has sold more than 100 million copies worldwide.
3- A Tale of Two Cities – Charles Dickens
The Tale of Two Cities, which is among the most read books, has managed to become one of the most famous literary works by selling more than 200 million copies.
Dr. Manette served an innocent 18 years in prison and was released from prison thanks to a friend. Dr. On his return to London, Manette by chance meets a Frenchman, Charles Darnay. In the book, the marriage to be made by Charles Darnay and his daughter and the effects of the French Revolution that followed on their lives are explained. In addition, the spiritual changes of people are also covered in the book.
4- Ten Little Niggers – Agatha Christie
One of the most popular books, Ten Little Negroes is one of the best detective novels. Ten people killed people because of their decisions in the past, and they keep it secret. One of these ten people are invited to a mansion on the Black Island. However, when they go to the mansion, there is no owner of the house. When these people stranded on the island tell each other their secrets, they begin to die one by one.
5- From Animals into Gods – Yuval Noah Harari
Sapiens from Animals to Gods, which is on our list of the most read books, deals with the evolution of ancient human species from the Stone Age to the twenty-first century. In addition, many topics from religion to politics, from society to livelihoods are covered in the book.
6- A Thousand Splendid Suns: Hosseini, Khaled
Having achieved incredible success all over the world with his first novel, The Kite Hunter, Hosseini’s second novel, A Thousand Splendid Suns, tells about Afghanistan through the intersecting lives of two women: Girls married at an early age, women without children, buried in the past, heard of the father or childhood friend. loves …
7- 1984 – George Orwell
Set in a dystopian world by George Orwell, the book is among the most popular. The book describes a totalitarian world order in which the human mind is controlled and individuality is destroyed, as if that wasn’t enough, people were transformed into mechanized communities.
8- The Lord of the Rings – J. R. R. Tolkien
The story of the book begins quietly in the Shire, the Hobbit land, not unlike the English countryside. Later, as the story stretches to the northwest of Middle-earth, the Hobbits; Frodo, along with Sam, Merry and Pippin, handles the course of the War of the Ring through the eyes of the Hobbits’ allies and companions, the Northern Ranger Aragorn, the Commander of Gondor Boromir, the warrior Dwarf Gimli, the Elven prince Legolas, and the sorcerer Gandalf.
Top among the most read books, The Lord of the Rings has sold more than 150 million copies worldwide.
9- Black Beauty – Anna Sewell
Black Beauty – Anna Sewell is a very beautiful and elegant black horse. In the book, we witness all the events he went through from the first time he left his home. His life sometimes goes very well and he has owners who take good care of him and show him compassion.
Sometimes he meets bad people and searches for his good days. He also has friends and tells them with his own story.
Anna Sewell reflected horses and their inner world with this novel. Thus, the importance of a compassionate relationship between man and animal emerges.
Animal Farm by George Orwell is among the most read books. Animals are the main characters in the novel that criticizes Stalinism. These animals living on the farm start a revolution against people who mistreat them and take over.
Their wish is to create a society where equality is at the forefront. The pigs, the smartest animals on the farm, take the lead. But the revolution is also damaged by the pigs. The leader pig clearly symbolizes Stalin.
10- Animal Farm – George Orwell
Animal Farm by George Orwell is among the most read books. Animals are the main characters in the novel that criticizes Stalinism. These animals living on the farm start a revolution against people who mistreat them and take over. Their wish is to create a society where equality is at the forefront. The pigs, the smartest animals on the farm, take the lead. But the revolution is also damaged by the pigs. The leader pig clearly symbolizes Stalin.
11- The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe – Clive Staples Lewis
11- Peter, Susan, Edmund and Lucy Pevensie are younger brothers who have fled from war and are sent to the grand mansion of a famous professor. They dive into a closet in this mansion and find themselves in Narnia… But Narnia is not the old Narnia. Because it has been possessed by a wicked witch and lives in the winter every season. The brothers realize they are involved in a big deal and decide to help Narnia.
In addition, there are traces of Turkish mythology in the fantastic book and its series in our list of the most read books. The real name of the lion in this book is Aslan. In other words, when naming the lion, instead of the English “lion”, the author used the Turkish equivalent of Aslan. Also, when Edmund met the White Witch in Narnia, the White Witch tricked her with magical Turkish delight.
12- A Clockwork Orange – Anthony Burgess
In the book, which is among the most read books and the film was shot, the process of being imprisoned and later rehabilitated after being involved in crime with a group of friends, a young sociopath named Alex, is told.
13- Think and Grow Rich – Napoleon Hill
There are 13 formulas in the book. With these formulas, the path to success is shown and how to overcome the obstacles on the road to success. Published during the Great Depression, the book has sold more than 70 million copies worldwide as of 2011. Thus, it is among the most read books.
14- The Catcher in the Rye – J. D. Salinger
Told in the first person singular, the novel is about a teenager named Holden Caulfield. Holden Caulfield is a troubled student who was expelled from the schools he attended. There has been no improvement in his condition since the last school he was appointed. Since Holden does not want to meet with his family, he does not tell them what happened and returns to New York in the middle of the night and stays in an average hotel. This is where the adventure begins.
15- The Stranger – Albert Camus
Everything in the story happens in a very short span of time. Meursault, a middle-class French who accidentally murdered an Arab in Algeria, indifferently follows the process that led him to death step by step. Even though the names of other people are mentioned, we cannot even learn the name of the hero of the novel. We can convey the alienation of Camus’ stranger from his own mouth as follows; “So this job seemed to be seen outside of me. Everything was happening without me being confused, my destiny was determined without being asked… When I thought it well, I understood that I had nothing to say. I had the feeling that I was watching myself. “
In the book, which is among the most read books, Meursault’s alienation from society, himself, life enough to accept even death, in short, to the whole existence, is explained in a plain language.
16- Alchemist – Paulo Coelho
The world famous novel of Brazilian writer Paulo Coelho was published in 1988. The novel tells the philosophical story of the fabulous life of the Andalusian shepherd Santiago, who came from Spain to seek the treasure of the foothills of the Egyptian Pyramids. To find the alchemist is to find yourself. The book is a kind of guide.
17- Lolita – Vladimir Nabokov
One of Vladimir Nabokov’s most widely read English novels, Lolita is about the sexual passion of the main character Humbert Humbert for young girls of puberty, whom he calls nipples.
18- Mother of Green’s Daughter – Lucy Maud Montgomery
Written by Canadian writer Lucy Maud Montgomery in 1908, Anne of the Green Daughter has sold over 50 million copies, making it one of the most read books. The book is about Anne Shirley, a lively, highly creative, talkative, red-haired orphan girl who comes to live with Matthew and Marilla Cuthbert.
19- The Last Day of a Condemned Man – Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo’s short novel, first published in 1829, tells the thoughts of a man sentenced to death. Hugo wrote this novel to express his feelings that the death penalty should be abolished. The novel is among the most popular books.
20- Crime and Punishment – Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky
Dostoyevsky’s novel, written on the return of five years of exile to Siberia, is one of the most valuable works on our list of the most read books. Crime and Punishment; Intending to murder a loan shark for his money, St. It focuses on the spiritual suffering and moral dilemmas of Rodion Raskolnikov, a poor student living in St. Petersburg. Raskolnikov believes that with money before he kills he can rid himself of poverty and continue to do great deeds, but confusion, hesitation, and luck blur a morally justified killing plan.
21- The Little Prince – Antoine De Saint Exupery
The book, which is among the best selling and most read books in the world, depicts the world of the grown-up from the eyes of a child. The book, which begins with the encounter of the pilot falling in the Sahara Desert with the Little Prince, consists of twenty-seven chapters. Some typical adult lifestyles are criticized, especially in the chapters that describe the Little Prince’s travels to six different planets after leaving his homeland.
22- Lord of the Flies – William Golding
The book, which is among the world classics, begins by telling about the transportation of a few children by plane in order to avoid the impact of the nuclear bomb in World War II. However, before the plane can make its way to its destination, it falls on a deserted island. From here, the children’s struggle for survival begins.
23- Finland, The Country of White Lilies – Grigory Petrov
The book, which consists of notes from the travels of the Russian writer Grigory Petrov at various intervals, describes the situation of the Finnish people in the late 1800s and the extraordinary struggle of a handful of Finnish intellectuals in the country, especially Johan Vilhelm Snellman, to get rid of ignorance.
24- Ward No: 6 – Anton Chekhov
Set in a provincial mental hospital, Chekhov focuses on the philosophical conflict between Ivan Dmitric, a trained patient, and Doctor Andrey Yefimic. While Ivan Dmitric opposed the injustice to which they were subjected, the terrible conditions in which they were forced to live, Andrey Yefimic insists on ignoring them and does not even move to change the situation. When the doctor finally realizes the ‘philosophical’ error he has fallen into, it is too late.
Short story, which is among the most read books, is one of the works that Vladimir Lenin was most influenced by.
25- Charlotte’s Affectionate Network – E. B. White
The children’s novel written by E. B. White in 1952 is an extraordinary work about the unusual friendship between a spider and a pig. The novel that appeals to children is quite beautiful and educational.
26- Notes from the Underground – Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky
At the end of our list of the most read books, the work is about the internal conflicts and delusions of a person who has isolated himself from the real world or has been forced to do so. Notes from the Underground is a work that has influenced many Western thinkers, including Camus, in an existential sense.